Environment, Health & Transportation: Motor Vehicles and Air Pollution
Worldwide, a quarter of a million people die on the roads every year and ten million are injured, a scale equivalent to war. Motor vehicles are the single biggest source of atmospheric pollution. There are two of the points highlighted in a report by Greenpeace UK entitled "The Environmental Impact of the Car." It is available from Greenpeace UK, Canonbury Villas, London N1 2PN, UK, priced L5.
Motors contribute the following to the cocktail entering Londoners' lungs:
More Die from Car Pollution than Road Accidents
LONDON - Road traffic is the fastest growing source of pollution in Europe and in some countries more people are dying as a result of this air pollution than are being killed in accidents, health experts said yesterday.
A new report by the World Health Organization (WHO) showed long-term air pollution from cars in Austria, France and Switzerland triggered an extra 21,000 premature deaths per year from respiratory or heart diseases, more than the total number of annual traffic deaths in the three countries.
"Air pollution from traffic at the levels we have today does cause a major health impact," Dr Carlos Dora, of the WHO center for health and environment in Rome, told a new conference.
The report shows air pollution from cars caused 300,000 extra cases of bronchitis in children, 15,000 hospital admissions for heart disease and 162,000 asthma attacks in children in the three countries.
"The growing evidence that air pollution is causing a major health burden adds to
the effects of road traffic through noise, accidents and barriers to cycling and walking,
and we need to address this head on," Dora added.
Source for the Following: Clean Air Regional Workshop - Fighting Air Pollution: From Plan to Action. UN Conference Centre, Bangkok, Thailand. 12-14 February 2001. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.
*Shah, Jitendra. Integrated Air Quality Management: From Plan to Action. Paper No. 6.
Annual cost of congestion and air pollution in selected Asian cities (US$ million) --
* FU Lixin and Ying YUAN. Beijing's Recent Efforts on Reducing Motor Vehicle Emissions. Paper No. 10.
Estimate that, in Beiing, 73% of ambient concentration of NOx and 84% of CO is from motor vehicles.
* Wai-chuen Mok. Hong Kong Experiencing on Fighting Smoky Diesel Vehicles. Paper No 11.
Percent of particulate emissions in Hong Kong from motor vehicle sources increased from approximately 34 percent of total in 1992 to approximately 48 percent in 1998.
* Le Van Khoa. Air Quality Management in Ho Chi Minh City. Paper No. 13.
Results of Roadside Air Monitoring at Hang Xanh Station in Ho Chi Minh city (annual average concentrations)
* Nathanon Thavisin. Management of Air Quality of Bangkok Metropolitan. "Pollution Free Road" campaign in Bangkok; informational campaign (roadside signs with occasional police enforcement to gain the "cooperation" of motorists, especially single-occupant vehicles, in not using selected roads) 24-hour average concentration PM-10 measurements in 1999 (prior to campaign) and May 2000 (after). (micrograms/cubic meter)
Average of 8 roads in Bangkok
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