Ibike Korea People-to-People Program


Photo essay: Geum River Trail (east) -
Gongju, Sejong, Daejeon

Geum River Trail (200km, 120mi) Mostly riverside and dike-top trail, with the occasional headland.

Baekje Cultural Land (Theme park), Buyeo, Korea Baekje Cultural Land (Theme park), Buyeo, Korea Baekje Cultural Land (Theme park), Buyeo, Korea Baekje Cultural Land (Theme park), Buyeo, Korea Baekje Cultural Land (Theme park), Buyeo, Korea
Across the river from Buyeo -- as if the city's real historic sites are not good enough -- Lotte corporation has built the pristine Baekje Cultural Land (above), Korea's largest historic theme park. It claims to be an exact restoration of the Sabi Baekje Palace. If attendance is any indication, it is more popular that the genuine historic sites on the other side of the river.  Needless to say it is also more commercial and sanitized.Beehives, Buyeo, Korea

To keep some grasp of reality there are some it is worth noting that the real economy carried on near by; in by comparison, what is a scruffy agriculture villages there is a large apiary and agricultural produce was being processed -- though it should be noted that by world standards neither the village nor apiary were scruffy, they were just active and alive.

Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaExhibit, Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaSculpture, Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaLike all of the large weirs across the river, Baekjebo has a unique façade and includes it own original art, landscape design and site museum.
Temporary art installation, Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea Crocodile bench, Temporary art installation, Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaOne of the initial signs at the exhibit caught my eye, "Newly Born Four Rivers, The Message for New Days."  Channeling the feelings of the fish: "Do the fish see the new dam as a 'new birth for the river'?"

Baekjebo seems to regularly have temporary art installations as well.

Student bicycle group, Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea Landscape, Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaStudent bicycle group, Baekjebo, Geumgang, KoreaOn one visit, one-hundred and fifty plus high school students from Buyeo arrived at Baekjebo shortly after we did. Their program was to go to Gongju, learn some history, and return -- about 60 km (37 miles) roundtrip. They were traveling on the roads with a police escort and support vehicles. It was impressive.  I wonder how many other places in the world would organize something like this for a school field trip -- 60km bicycle tour?
CU convenience store, Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea The Baekjebo rest area is complete with a CU convenience store. There is next to zero commercial activity on the bicycle path so this was Shangri-La for the coffee-addicted -- and a target for the many sugar-addicted students, as well. The arrival of the students did prompt us to stir from leisure-mode and adjourn our already over extended two-cup coffee break.bicyclist foot rest, Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea

Another interesting feature of the rest stop is bicycle foot rest.  It is designed for the bicyclist to roll up, stop and put there foot on the footprint. The bicyclist can continue to see on the bicycle saddle and relax.

Geumgang Bicycle Path from Baekjebu, Korea Geumgang Bicycle Path, Korea Cosmos along Geumgang Bicycle Path, Korea Cosmos along Geumgang Bicycle Path, Korea rice farm, Baekjebo, Geumgang, Korea
Back out on the bicycle path. It stays pretty close to the river for the next 20 km. To the west is the river and wetlands, and to the east is farmland or forested hills.  Occasionally it divides fields of cosmos.
Geumgang Bicycle Path, Korea

Preparing harvest on trail, Geumgang Bicycle Path, KoreaWhile much of the journey seems very rural, there are regular reminders of Korea's extensive infrastructure. Two strands of expressway (left) score the view on the other side of the river.

It is so rural that some locals farmers don't expect any traffic on the trail (the blue lines indicate trail routes) and use it to process their harvest. Fortunately, when the off-season tourists showed-up they were very accommodating, standing back to let us pass. Rowers on Geumgang (river), KoreaOne farmer is sorting out the sesame seeds from the perilla seed pods, and the other bike path is being used to dry rice.

Rowers (left), in one-man and two-person shells, take advantage of the flat water to do some training.

A flood gate provides a good illustration of the engineering of the project. At this point the trail is probably five meters higher than the current river level and about the same level as the bottom of the flood gate (during a flood the heavy door would be closed). The sign by the flood gate indicates that the culvert is 3.5 meters high. It is less than half the height of the levy. In a flood the river could rise 10 meters, and become hundreds of meters wider, and still be several meters below the top of the dike, which has an elevation of twenty meters. They are prepared for a massive amount of water.

On the light side, a local property owner built a fence with unmatched skis.  The general base elevation in the area is about 5m. On average the temperature is always above freezing and if it drops below freezing it is only over night and does stay there all day. There are no ski areas in the immediate vicinity so it is unclear what the source of for a hundred skis might be or why their final resting place is just outside of Gongju.

Gongjubo, Geumgang, Korea Gongjubo, Geumgang, KoreaGeumgang Bicycle Path at Gongjubo, KoreaGongjubo is another "Four Rivers Project." The water management project's aims were to provide or improve water security, flood control and ecosystem vitality. It was first announced as part of the “Green New Deal” policy launched in January 2009. Most of the work was completed by 2012.  It is debated whether is has been more destructive or constructive for the environment.  It is asserted that the real objective of the project was for the then President to pay back his industrialist friends. All of the major corporations got a piece of the pie. The politics aside, recreational bicycling is a winner.
Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, Korea Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, KoreaUngjin is the Baekje era name for current day Gongju. It was the capital of Baekje from AD 475 to 538. The previous capital was Wiryeseong (Seoul). The move was made by King Munju after Wiryeseong was destroyed by attacks from Goguryeo, to the north, and his predecessor was killed.

Gongju long shoreline on the Guem and hilltop position for a fortress and surrounded by the Charyeong Mountains was an excellent geographical location for defending against enemy attacks.

Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, Korea

Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, Korea

In 660, Silla, allied with Chinese Tang troops, besieged Sabi, forcing Baekje King Euija to flee and take shelter at Ungjinseong (aka Gongsanseong and Gongju Fortress.) With the fall of Sabi, King Euija surrendered and he, along with two of his sons, 88 retainers, and 12,807 Baekje peasants were taken to China.

Nakhwaam (“Rock of  Falling Flowers”), Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, Korea

Nakhwaam (“Rock of  Falling Flowers”), Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, KoreaLegends has it that 3,000 ladies of court jumped from Nakhwaam (“Rock of  Falling Flowers”) to preserve their virtue. Later, loyal subjects and local powers of Baekje initiated counter-offenses. With reinforcements based at Juryu Fortress and Imjon Fortress, they retook over 200 fortresses. But, within a year they too were finally suppressed by the Silla-Tang alliance and Baekji completely ceased to exist. This set up the path where Silla expelled the Tang and unified the Three Kingdoms.

Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, Korea

Ungjin Fortress, Gongju, KoreaWhether is was justified or not King Euija had a notorious reputation for being a ladies’ man, so much that the moniker “King Euija” (의자왕) itself is being used as slang for “ladies’ man” or “playboy”.

Dioramas floating on the Guemgang, Gongju.The Ungjin Baekje Period ended when the capital was moved to Sabi (Buyeo) by King Seong.

For the city festival commemorating historical events, a variety of dioramas are floated on the river.

King Muryeong's Tomb, Gongju, Korea The most important resident of the Songsan-ri royal tombs is King Muryeong (b 462, r 501, d 523). Archeologist have studied the tombs, but they are all now sealed. Two types of tomb structures have been found; stone chambers with a tunnel entrance (traditional of Baekje) and brick chambers (typical of Southern China Dynasties).

King Muryeong's Tomb, Gongju, KoreaThe Royal Tomb of King Muryeong is a brick chamber, the first and only tomb of which the identity of the occupant has been confirmed, out of the many tombs dating from the Three Kingdoms period. This royal tomb was made with bricks fashioned with lotus designs.  Inside, two wooden coffins which housed the bodies of the King and Queen consort, a golden diadem ornament, a huge sword adorned with dragons and phoenix figures on the handle, and a silver bracelet decorated with dragon designs, were found. A total of 4,687 items and 108 types of artifacts were found in this royal tomb. The metal craft works, including earrings, are of extremely high quality, and are distinct from the artifacts produced by Goguryeo or Silla.  The Chinese pottery and porcelain found inside shows the influence of the Chinese Southern Dynasties and attest to the international nature of Baekje culture, which engaged in frequent exchanges with China and whose leadership enthusiastically embraced the advanced Chinese culture.

Stone Guardian Animal, Gongju National Museum, Korea Stone Seated Buddha, Gongju National Museum, KoreaVessel. Gongju National Museum, KoreaUnreal symbolic animals were believed to protect the tomb. The custom first began in China.  Burying estrange wooden guardian figures with deer horns was much in vogue in the Chinese Chu Dynasty of the warring states period (403 BC – 221 BC).

These items are in the collection of the Gongju National Museum.

Gold earrings, Gongju National Museum, Korea Gold earrings, Gongju National Museum, KoreaGongju National Museum features many items from King Muryeong’s Tomb. The majority of the artifacts found in the tomb are precious metal works.  They include a variety of gold and silver ornaments worn by the king and his queen such as gold crown ornaments, earrings, necklaces and belts, as well as household goods such as bronze vessels, spoons and chopsticks, a silver cup with a  bronze stand, and a bronze mirror.  These artifacts, which attest to the outstanding aesthetic sensibility and advanced techniques of Baekje’s artisans, were largely made by two methods; forging and molding. The surfaces of these relics often exhibit lavish ornamentation made using a variety of techniques such as openwork (metal ornamentation with many opening cut in set patterns), chasing (ornamentation crafted with hand-chisels and hammers), and granulation (ornamentation with small sphere or wires of precious metal).
Gold Diadem Ornaments (King), Gongju National Museum, KoreaKing Muryeong is known to have been a very generous King. He reinforced the king’s political power and sought to stabilize his kingdom.  He cared for his impoverished and war-weary people. He defeated Gorguryeo’s army and its repetitive attacks.  He also secured Baekje’s position in international trade throughout East Asia, building good relations with Silla, Japan and the Liang Dynasty of Southern China.
Morning calm on the Guemgang between Gongju and Sejong, Korea Morning calm on the Guemgang between Gongju and Sejong, KoreaThere are still sublime sections of the Guemgang, between Gongju and Sejong where the Morning Calm fills all of your senses with satisfaction and contentment.
Sejong, Korea


Sejong, KoreaI'd like to call this next section the fabled city of Sejong. This is in the context of capitals moving dozens of times in the history of the peninsula. In 2004, the government called for the relocation of the national capital to near Gongju. This was challenged and found unconstitutional, without changing the constitution and holding a referendum. The government came up with a revised plan where all of the ministries would move to the new town "Sejong" but the executive, legislature and judiciary would stay in Seoul, so the "capital" wouldn't be moving -- just the government.
Google Earth 9 May 2013, Sejong, Geum River, Korea

Street scene, Sejong, Korea

Sejong, Geum River, KoreaGoogle Earth 23 March 2015, Sejong, Geum River, KoreaIt is not easy to tell what happened between 2004 and April 9, 2013, but on that date Google Earth still shows two bridges, a lot of farmland and some scared earth.  Five months later, September 2013, there were dozens of high rise residential buildings, a hospital, day cares, pre-schools, schools, banks, stores, restaurants, department stores, professional services, police station, a town full of cars and a dozen construction cranes on the skyline. The Google Earth photo from 23 March 2015 shows all the farm field are gone and the construction boom has begun. There is even more construction out of the frame of the photo.  Poof, an instant city.

Construction cranes on the skyline, Sejong, Korea[As of January 2014, a search for "Sejong, Yeongi-gun, Chungcheongnam-do" or "세종 연기 충청남도" on Google Maps, showed some of the roads or new bridges. Naver Maps has a complete accounting of new bridges and roads.  And Daum Maps maps wins, showing an inventory bridges and road, some of which are still under-construction and others that are only planned.]

Construction cranes on the skyline, Sejong, Korea There is massive construction on the south side of the river as well. In 2013 (far left), there weren't many roads but residential towers were going up. By 2015, the road infrastructure on the south shore was largely paved, they were finishing the landscaping along the river, city hall (1) and office complexes (2) were built and more residential towers (3 & 4), that hadn't been apparent the year before were topped off, but still had construction fences around their base. (5) In 2016, there was a whole new forest cranes building new concrete residence forests.
1 2.  3.  4.  5.
Fan-style cable-stay bridge, Sejong, Korea Bridge covered bicycle path, Sejong, KoreaBridge covered bicycle path, Sejong, KoreaIt looks like the projects in and around Sejong are top-notch. They have elegant fan-style and harp-style cable-stay bridges. One of the bridges has a covered bicycle path, under the main bridge deck.

Harp-style cable-stay bridge, Sejong, Korea Harp-style cable-stay bridge, Sejong, Korea Harp-style cable-stay bridge, Sejong, Korea
new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Koreanew Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Koreanew Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, KoreaStaying on a bridge theme -- because Korea has a bridge thing -- just northeast a few kilometers, there is another mammoth bridge going up (2013) (completed in 2016).
Shaved hillside for housing, Sejong, KoreaBut there is also a more starting to be disturbing change in the area: Korea, which up until 2015, seemed so amazingly unswerving in rural areas at keeping the flat lands for agriculture, building housing only on the edges of valleys at the very base of the hills, and leaving slopes for the forests, has start to breach the covenant. In the outer environs of Sejong forests are starting to being shaved and hillsides are being scraped for high-end, custom designed, single-family, mini-mansions, on view property. I can't help but conclude that it is being done to serve a value (or lack thereof) that is being brought by the elite classes that are coming to run the ministries.
As a bicyclist there is a glaring inconsistency when it comes to the Four Rivers Bicycle Path system.  As it passes by world-class bridges and bullet train infrastructure, which are built to very tight tolerances, there are long sections of bicycle paths that ride like they were smoothed with baseball bats.  It is more comfortable to ride on the adjacent farm roads.  And then there are all of the countless engineering blunder, like placing bollards in the center of the lanes (left). About the only conclusions that can be drawn is Korea is not a litigious society or those in charge would be rushing to fix the safety hazards they have built for the public.therapeutic rock walk, park, Geumgang Trail, Korea

Similar to trails in other urban areas, the Guemgang Trail and in the vicinity of Sejong has a lot of other attributes and accessories.  The one that caught my eye here is a therapeutic rock walk. Along there steam of rocks the size and texture changes, providing different feels of foot message, and different degrees of stress relief and circulatory stimulation.

Pedestrian caution sign, KoreaPedestrian caution sign, KoreaThe signs are meant to caution pedestrians against fall hazards and abrupt lane edges, but they seem that they like the graphic could be warning against extreme selfies, as well.
Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea

Four River Bike Path Map, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea

Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, KoreaAt Sejeong there is a unique short cut to Daejeon. It is in the middle of Road 1. That should be a scary prospect. Given the whizzing of traffic around it you would expect it to be something between bleak and terrifying.  Here is actually what we encountered. 

1) For starters there is a wide bike path that runs down the middle between the northbound and southbound lanes of traffic, with high barriers on both sides.  This means you feel very protected, but there aren't a lot points for access and egress, but at various junctions there are stairs down to underpasses. There is zero cross traffic.

Clean-up, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea2) The is a large map for users with information on the Geumgang Bicycle Path from Gunsan to Daecheon Dam, routes along the Gapcheon through Daejeon and this facility to Sejong.

3) The facility is nearly spotless. Like so many of the highly functioning parts of Korea, this was no accident because we saw people working the path and picking up litter by hand.

Solar Voltaic Array, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea Solar Voltaic Array, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea Solar Voltaic Array, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea Solar Voltaic Array, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea Solar Voltaic Array, Bike Route 1, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea
4) The most astonishing feature of all is there are at least five linear kilometers of solar voltaic panels over the path. With the devises we had if was hard to measure the exact distance because something about the system interfered with our wireless odometer so we rode for a ten minutes and the odometer didn't measure any progress until we were out from under the solar panels. Whether it was part of the plan or not, the overhead panels provide some shade from the sun and should give some protection from rain, as well, unless the wind is blowing hard.
Bike Route 1, mileage sign, Daejeon to Sejong, Korea
5) There are mileage and directional signs for bicycles!

If you don't take the direct route to Daejeon, you can continue on the Guemgang Trail towards Daecheong Dam, which also gives you access to Daejeon.

Just east of Sejong is a junction with the Ocheon Trail, which connects to the Saejae Trail, which links the Hangang Trail and Nakdong Trail, which lead to Seoul and Busan, respectively.

Ocheon Trail

Guemgang Bicycle Path near Mihocheon, KoreaContinuing on the Guemgang Trail is further evidence of the Koreans delight in bridge design: Just past some pathetically poorly placed bollards (right) is an elegant, sweeping, non-motorized bridge with a nice harmonic shape (left), over the Mihocheon (stream).

Maintaining the pattern, around a few more corners and we are dwarfed by another new bridge project.  This one didn't even have any roads it was connecting to at either end.  It looks like a couple of high pylons are being constructed so it might be some type of cable-stay design. In years to come, when all the bridges are established, passers-by won't realize how much large transformation happened in such a relatively short period of time.

new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea new Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea

The four images to the left are from 2013. The fifth image is from 2015 and the bridge is still under construction.

KTX Bridge, Sejong, Geum River, Korea KTX Bridge underconstruction, Sejong, Geum River, KoreaBike route bridge, Sejong, Geum River, KoreaBridge, Sejong, Geum River, KoreaAnd the next attractions are a couple of more bridges; one is a precisely engineered bridge for a new high speed KTX train line (left) and one after that is a very basic single-lane bridge that could be a half-century old (right).  The older bridges show up on the small-scale paper maps. It is perfect for a bicycle bridge, but it is also shared with light vehicles.
New bridge (2016), Guemgang, Daejeon, Korea New bridge (2016), Daejeoncheon, Daejeon, KoreaNear the confluence of the Guemgang and the Gapcheon, the Geumgang Trail crosses the river for the last time. At this point, it is about 7km (4.5 miles) to Daecheongbo (dam) and about 20 km (12 miles), by trail, to Daejeon Railroad Station. The trails are along the rivers, bridges cross the rivers, and birds feed in the rivers. There are 16 bridges over one 14km stretch of the trail.  (Both the bridges shown here are new in 2016.)
Daecheong Dam, Geum River, Daejeon, Korea Daecheong Dam, Geum River, Daejeon, KoreaDaecheong Dam, Geum River, Daejeon, KoreaIf you persevere long enough at any project eventually you will come to an end.  In the case, at the northern end of the Geumgang Bicycle Path, you will approach Daecheong Dam, and if you make the last one kilometer climb to the top of the dam wall you are rewarded with a view Daecheonho (lake), South Korea's largest lake. This is where the Guemgang trail ends. Congratulations!Daecheong Dam, Geum River, Daejeon, Korea

The dam is 72 m (236 ft) tall.  Its purpose is flood control, water supply and hydroelectric power generation. The dam predates the Four Rivers Project. Construction on the dam began in 1975 and was completed on December 1, 1980.

Gapcheon Bicycle Trail, Daejeon, Korea Mokcheoggyo (bridge), Yudeungcheon Bicycle Trail, Daejeon, KoreaYudeungcheon Bicycle Trail, Daejeon, KoreaYudeungcheon Bicycle Trail, Daejeon, KoreaThe network of tributaries of the Gapcheon, in Daejeon, flow through many sections of the city.  If your origin and destination is linked by one of these streams, the bicycle path system is one of the best ways to travel -- the street traffic can be fierce.  Though Daejeon is the fifth largest city in Korea and has a population of 1.5 million (2010), when you ride along the streams, at times you almost feel like you are out in the countryside -- avoid looking at the distant skyline.
Expo '93, Daejeon, KoreaExpo '93, Daejeon, KoreaAt the confluence of the Gapcheon and the Yudeungcheon, the two biggest streams, is a concentration of civic activities: the large Hanbit Arboretum with a couple dozen sections, Natural Movement Center, Youth Cultural Center, Traditional Music Orchestra, Daejeon Culture and Arts Center, Municipal Museum of Art, National Science Museum, Convention Complex and a bunch of residual from the 93 day long Daejeon Expo '93, at Expo Park.
Hanbit-tap (Tower of the Great Light), Daejeon, Korea The center of the exposition was marked by the 93-metre high "Hanbit-tap" or Tower of Great Light, modeled on a traditional Korean Observatory, where guests could take a lift to the central viewing platform for a bird's eye view of the whole exposition site. Today, this platform features a cafe.

Expo Bridge, Deajeon, KoreaExpo Bridge, Deajeon, KoreaNot as iconic as the Hanbit-tap, but equally enduring and definitely more graceful and functional is the Expo Bridge.  It allowed participant to go from activities on one side of the river to the other.  It still serves that purpose and is still primarily for non-motorized travelers. If you are in town on December 31, the bridge is the center for the main fireworks display for the New Year.

Today one can visit the former expo site, now called "Expo Park" for a small fee, savor the site from the Tower of Great Light, ride some of the carnival rides, as well as visit some of the more popular permanent organization and corporate exhibits from the Expo, including the United Nations Pavilion, which is now a Museum for the Expo '93. Expo Park claims to be the country’s only theme park promoting the latest sciences and technology with the goal of raising public awareness.
Daejeon Bike Share, Korea Gamcheon Dragon Boat Festival, Daejeon, KoreaAlas, bicycles are not allowed on the Expo Park grounds, but there is a Daejeon Bike Share station near by for visitors who might want to visit the plethora of other points of interest in the area, or take a bike ride along the river.

Not that there was any shortage of on-going activities, Expo Square and the adjoining river bank were the staging area for the weekend's Dragon Boat Festival (right).

We mostly bicycled during our visit to Daejeon so didn't scratch the surface of attractions.  There seems to countless museums, universities, official institutes and government institutions.  Just on our way from Expo Bridge and out of town we passed: National Science Museum, Currency Museum,Daejeon mascot, Korea Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Korea Advanced Institute of Science, Geology Museum (left), Daejeon Citizen Observatory, Korea Astronomy & Space Science Instistitue and the Daejon Government Complex.

From the list of museum and institutes it is not a real surprise that the city's mascot is a cartoon figure playing with atoms.

Mokcheoggyo (bridge), Yudeungcheon, Daejeon, Korea Mokcheoggyo (bridge), Yudeungcheon, Daejeon, KoreaLighted fountain, Yudeungcheon, Daejeon, KoreaSome of the most unique, creative and interesting sightseeing in Daejeon occurs at night: Mokcheoggyo (bridge), over Yudeungcheon, could be mistaken for an unidentified hovering object. Below it, in the park along Yudeungcheon, is a fountain with a computerized light show at night.
Shopping street at night, Eunhaeng-dong, Daejeon, Korea Shopping street at night, Eunhaeng-dong, Daejeon, KoreaOn both sides of Yudeungcheon there are shopping districts; Jungang Sijang, the traditional market to the east, and Eunhaeng-dong, a more modern shopping district to the west. They all have a different character at night. In Jungang Sijang, many of the shops close, but the food tables stay open and they can be surrounded with soju drinkers until late at night. Eunhaeng seems to become more energized at night, maybe it is all the lights that come on to attract shoppers (like moths).
Digital ceiling, Jungang-ro 164 beon-gil, Eunhaeng-dong, Daejeon, Korea Digital ceiling, Jungang-ro 164 beon-gil, Eunhaeng-dong, Daejeon, KoreaA few blocks away, is Jungang-ro 164 beon-gil, Eunhaeng-dong. The Eunhaeng neighborhood is generally known for it entertainment venues and nightlife. At the street level, Jungang-ro 164 beon-gil it is a pretty normal fashion street, with clothing and accessories boutiques, phone stores, coffee shops, restaurants, and gift shops. But overhead is a dominate, 200 meters long, 10Digital ceiling, Jungang-ro 164 beon-gil, Eunhaeng-dong, Daejeon, Korea meters wide, digital display. The images cycle through several programs; there is advertising, a number of animated digital graphic programs, and a "mall cam" phase, which projects real-time images of shoppers in the mall on the screen. If you are on the camera and look up to take a picture of yourself on the big screen, you get a nice picture with your camera/phone in front of your face.
Sculpture, Daejeon Express Bus Terminal, Korea Sculpture, Daejeon Express Bus Terminal, KoreaFamily running for the bus, Sculpture, Daejeon Express Bus Terminal, KoreaIf your travels to Daejeon take you through the Express Bus Terminal Complex don't go so fast that you miss the art in the plaza outside.

My favorite is the Korean family running for the bus (left).  It is a bit dated because they have traditional cameras and aren't carrying smart phones.

Another interesting piece is the marble "Swiss cheese" block, with cars and bus encircling it like ants (left).


Gunsan Seoul

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